Cosmetic and beauty care index
This word comes from the Latin (ad = to; stringere = pull tight) and means an agent which tautens, stops bleeding and inhibits inflammation, and which thickens the surface of the tissue. Astringents include hamamelis (witch-hazel), sage, aluminium compounds and zinc sulphate. Among their uses are in skin tonics and aftershaves, and for skin impurities or for skin with enlarged pores. Astringents are commonly used in beauty care to manufacture antiperspirant deodorants.
This is a skin disease which can take various forms. It is therefore important to get a diagnosis from a dermatologist. Acne is classified according to cause, severity and the person’s age. The most common and widespread is acne vulgaris or “common acne”. “Common” means here that the acne is caused by the increased androgen effect during puberty and subsides at the start of the third decade of life at the latest. It can generally be said that acne manifests itself as inflamed areas of the skin with pustules and pimples, especially on the face, chest and back. Cosmetic products are a helpful support to the doctor’s treatment for acne. The cause of acne depends on several different factors. Nutrition, hormonal predisposition, and also intolerance to various influences or substances are often found to be the explanation in many cases. With acne, it is essential to ensure a healthy balanced diet and mild and suitable care products.
This is also called age inhibition, and means the procedures which are intended to delay biological ageing in man, maintain the quality of life in old age at as high a level as possible, and even to prolong life in general. In cosmetics, this term is used for care products which trap free radicals: examples of these products are vitamins C and E and UV protection, which is intended to prevent ageing of the skin.
Is a tool for spreading something, such as foamed shampoo.
"Wellness" aromatherapy is used to give a sense of wellbeing, strengthen the immune system and relieve minor complaints. Aromatherapy is the specific use of essential oils to treat illness and is a standard component of phytotherapy.
Is a cream with special active ingredients, such as vitamin A, coenzyme Q 10 or collagen, which make the skin taut and are intended to smooth out small lines.
Is a special make-up with good, reliable and waterproof coverage of scars, pigmented spots, birthmarks and tattoos.
Cellulite is sometimes called, from its appearance, orange-peel skin. It is a dimpling of the skin, which occurs predominantly in women, affecting the upper thighs, bottom, hips, abdomen and upper arms; men have a different connective tissue structure. This phenomenon is attributable to a general build-up of waste products in the skin, with stored fat molecules making it difficult for the lymph and blood vessels in the connective tissue to remove the products of metabolism adequately. In the case of overweight or weak connective tissue, cellulite can occur before the age of 25 years. It affects 80 to 90% of all women in their later years to a varying extent. Cellulite is not a sign of illness but a biological change in the female connective tissue which can become a purely cosmetic problem. There are many forms of prevention and treatment for this in conventional and alternative medicine and in beauty care, none of which is completely successful. In anti-cellulite treatments it is important not only to choose the correct care products but also to include healthy eating (low in fat, high in fibre and vitamins) and regular exercise in the programme. This can also reduce the chance of developing cellulite or even improve an already noticeable orange-peel skin.
Is a cement substance between the skin cells, which is also manufactured synthetically.
Is a natural protein component of the skin and is responsible for the elasticity and tautness of the connective tissue. Over the years, collagen changes its structure and loses its ability to absorb moisture.
Is a cream to cover and conceal dark circles under the eyes, wrinkles or redness. It is available as a cream or a powder, pressed or loose.
Couperose (Facial redness) is a constitutional dilation of the skin vessels (on the legs these are called thread veins). It usually occurs from 30 years of age and is conspicuous because of the tiny red veins on the nose and cheeks. Scrupulous care, healthy living (no smoking or alcohol or very spicy food) and protection from cold and also heat are important and can prevent the condition developing or stop its spread. Facial redness depends on inherited factors as well but can also be associated with other medical conditions such as circulatory problems.
The classic medical definition of a cream is an oil-in-water emulsion. This makes creams much easier to spread than ointments and they are also absorbed into the skin more quickly. The high water content has a cooling effect and protects the skin from dehydration.
Means causing blackheads. Many ingredients in beauty products are suspected of causing blackheads and skin impurities. However, it is impossible to make a general rule, because each person’s skin is individual and therefore reacts differently. Comedoes accordingly mean blackheads or blocked sebaceous glands.
Correct and thorough cleansing is very important to the good appearance of the skin. As intolerance to certain cleansing substances is common, it is advisable to use the cleansing products which are designed for one’s particular skin type. Certain cleansing products actually nurture the skin when used.
Congestions and swellings can occur in the face, especially round the eyes, as well as on the body and can often manifest themselves as tender, tense areas of skin. Soothing masks, gels and spa therapies can reduce this. It is also a good idea to have enough to drink and to exercise regularly. If the congestion does not clear, consult a doctor.